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Top 20 Fastest Growing African Cities

By AfSB Staff

The African Development Bank reports in Tracking Africa’s Progress in Figures that Dar es Salaam, Tanzania’s largest city and the country’s trading hub, will outpace all other African cities in growth between 2010 and 2025, followed by Nairobi, Kenya; Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo; Luanda, Angola; and Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Describing urbanization as “a pan-African phenomenon,” the bank estimates that between 1960 and 2011, Africa’s urban population rose from 19 percent to 39 percent, and projects that 50 percent of Africans will live in urban areas by 2040.

Below is the bank’s list of Africa’s top-20 fastest growing cities.

CITY

COUNTRY

POPULATION

% CHANGE

 

             

(thousands)

 

   

2010

2025

2010-2025

Dar es Salaam

Tanzania

3,349

6,202

85.2

Nairobi

Kenya

3,523

6,246

77.3

Kinshasa

DRC

8,754

15,041

71.8

Luanda

Angola

4,772

8,077

69.3

Addis Ababa

Ethiopia

2,930

4,757

62.4

Abidjan

Côte d’'Ivoire

4,125

6,321

53.2

Dakar

Senegal

2,863

4,338

51.5

Lagos

Nigeria

10,578

15,810

49.5

Ibadan

Nigeria

2,837

4,237

49.3

Accra

Ghana

2,342

3,497

49.3

Kano

Nigeria

3,395

5,060

49

Douala

Cameroon

2,125

3,131

47.3

Alexandria

Egypt

4,387

5,648

28.7

Algiers

Algeria

2,800

3,595

28.4

Casablanca

Morocco

3,284

4,065

23.8

Cairo

Egypt

11,001

13,531

23

Ekurhuleni

South Africa

3,202

3,614

12.9

Durban

South Africa

2,879

3,241

12.6

Johannesburg

South Africa

3,670

4,127

12.5

Cape Town

South Africa

3,405

3,824

12.3

 

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